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整形外科 英語論文執筆サポーター
Introduction
Subjects:対象
Clinical signs and Symptoms:臨床徴候
 ・症状

理学(身体)検査・診察法
補助診断(画像検査など)
Classification&Statistics:
 分類・統計

Treatment:治療
Results:結果・根本
Discussion:考察・討論・論述
解剖・病態・Biomechanics
比較・時間・角度

Introduction

論文の題材のトピックスや背景および過去の論文の review に関する表現(レシピ① ②)

01 Total elbow arthroplasty has an established place in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
02 Posterior instability of the glenohumeral joint continues to be one of the most intriguing and confusing pathologic conditions confronting orthopaedic surgeons and sports medicine specialists.
03 Intra-articular fractures of the distal humerus are not common and remain one of the most difficult fractures to treat.
04 Numerous studies have shown that the medial ulnar collateral ligament of the elbow is the primary static stabilizer to valgus stress.
05 Patients who have atraumatic subluxation have the assumption being that the shoulder capsular is stretched out either from trivial trauma or from repetitive microtrauma resulting from overuse.
06 Dislocation of A-C joint, and particularly the treatment of the injuries, has been a subject of controversy from the earliest medical writing.
07 The controversy over conservative versus operative treatment of complete A-C joint dislocation seems to have had cyclic times in the literature.
08 The etiology of the condition has been debated for years.
09 Attempts have been made to standardize the radiographic technique but the consistent use of any method for a substantial period of time has been difficult.

過去の研究の不足点や今回の研究の必要性などに関する表現(レシピ③)

10 However, considering the anatomic and functional differences between the knee joint and shoulder joint, more specific and precise studies concerning shoulder stability were required.
11 However, the literature provides only limited information, as the reported results of this injury have been mentioned as extensions of other injuries, such as elbow fracture-dislocations.
12 Similar investigation of shoulder prosthesis have been scanty.
13 Little mention has been made of this lesion in the more than 50 years since Bennett's original description.
14 Little is known about the incidence, magnitude, or possible progression of these adaptations in any sports.
15 It was our hypothesis that a Bankart lesion would be encountered with high frequency in this group.

今回の研究の目的に関する表現(レシピ④)

16 The aim of the present investigation is to address the problem of increasingly common occupational shoulder disorders by means of biomechanical studies.
17 The aim of the present study was to prove the hypothesis that a socket mechanism is responsible for controlling the kinematics in the statically positioned glenohumeral joint.
18 The aim of the present study is to gain insight into EMG activity and EMG-force relation for some shoulder muscles during isometric abduction.
19 The purpose of this study is to investigate the accuracy of MRI and physical examination in the diagnosis of glenoid labral tear.
20 It is the purpose of this study to evaluate the influence of playing baseball on the ulnar nerve crossing the elbow region.
21 To evaluate the efficacy of such a device, we reviewed patients with displaced proximal humerus fractures treated with the intramedullary nail.
22 This paper presents the results of a thorough review of the English literature and offers a recommended treatment protocol.
23 This study makes a comparison in vitro using fresh-frozen human cadaver shoulders.
24 We have studied the factors which influence this failure of abduction,in the hope of finding clues for impingement.
25 A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed to compare the outcome of treatment of these unstable fractures treated with a sliding hip screw of a long gamma nail.